Wood Flooring Types Explained
Wood flooring is a beautiful option that will enhance your home or work area. There are in fact, a number of wood floors for you to choose from. The material type as well as installation method can be your own decision to make. Below, read about different types of wood flooring.
Different Types Of Wood Floors
Hard wood floors- Hard wood floors are made of any of several types of wood including maple, oak and walnut. Teak is incredibly durable as is pine, though it is technically a soft wood. Hard wood flooring can be broken down into three types:
Solid- Solid hard wood floors are just what they sound like. Solid pieces of hard wood make up your flooring pieces. Solid hard wood floors respond well to refinishing and color changes. They are incredibly durable, and, barring unusually rough terrains, they'll last forever.
Engineered- Engineered hard wood floors are made up of layers of wood with a top layer of veneered wood. The slats are placed in different directions to create more durability. Engineered wood flooring is likely to stand up to moisture and temperature changes better than standard hard wood. This is because the cross grain construction prevents wood contraction and expansion. Engineered wood is also easier to install, alleviating the expensive costs involved in hiring a professional for hardwood installation. These interlocking boards are usually nailed onto the sub floor or glued or floated above it.
Acrylic impregnated- Acrylic impregnated hard wood flooring is a combination of acrylic and solid wood. The solid wood is infused with acrylic particles to create a super strong wood floor. Acrylic impregnated wood floors are perfect for heavy-duty traffic and many homeowners choose this option for the range of colors available. Acrylic impregnated floors can be installed directly onto the sub floor or, more commonly, a layer of moisture repellent and sound buffering sub flooring is applied. The wood flooring is floated on top of this sub floor.
Laminate wood flooring- Laminate wood flooring is made up of a thin piece of decorative material placed over a synthetic base. The benefits of laminate wood flooring (or any laminate flooring for that matter) are the vast array of designs easily accessible, cheaper option than the original, and easier to install. Laminate wood flooring can be fitted together with grooves, or glued or nailed together.
The disadvantage is that it is not the real deal. It is not as durable, and the discerning eye can often tell laminate flooring from the original. For DIY wood flooring on a budget, though, laminate flooring is a great option. Manufacturers are constantly creating better and more durable versions, and there are some terrific models currently on the market.
Different Types Of Wood Floors Installation
Parquet wood flooring- Parquet flooring is a style of wood flooring that is installed in large pieces of wood to create a pattern or design, especially geometric in form. Oak, maple, cherry, pine, and walnut woods are commonly used to create the intricate patterns of parquet wood flooring. It is best if you use a variety of different types of woods because this will create the contrasting parquet look, and a layer of finish will bring out the color differences even more strikingly. Note: Parquet wood flooring should always have a coat of liquid solvent wax applied to it before being varnished.
Laminate parquet flooring is made up of a standard inexpensive substrate with hardwood veneer overlay. This is cheap and cannot be repaired when damaged.
Strips- Strips of wood are either glued or joined together with interlocking teeth
Planks- Planks of wood are installed in a similar fashion to strips. The only difference is that the pieces of wood are wider than the typical 1.5-2.25" that strips come in.
DIY wood flooring is a great project that can be accomplished in a weekend if you've prepared adequately. Which wood flooring option is right for you will depend upon a number of variables including which room the wood flooring is for, the amount of traffic the floor will be enduring, the present room decor, and any additional details that may affect the wood (proximity to an underground well, for example). Patterns, colors and varying thicknesses are available in abundance, so don't settle on something you don't really like.